Coturnix Quail are an excellent option for both meat and egg production. They are quick to mature, require minimal space, and are great for beginners. Coturnix Quail also lay an impressive number of eggs yearly. They are a top pick for urban homesteaders.
Bobwhite Quail are an excellent option for sport, hunting, and dog training. They take longer to mature than their counterpart the Coturnix Quail. Once mature, both types of quail are great for meat and eggs.
|Coturnix Quail||Bobwhite Quail|
|Egg Production||Lay as early as 8 weeks; 300 eggs annually||Lay at 24 weeks; 150-200 eggs annually|
|Egg Color||White mottled brown; blue||White|
|Incubation Timeframe||14 days||23 days|
|Mature Weight||12-15 ounces||12-24 ounces|
|Time to Maturity (sexually mature)||8 weeks||16-20 weeks|
|Meat||Dark meat||Dark meat|
|Processing Age||6-8 weeks||15-16 weeks|
|Live/Processed weight||8-15 ounces / 5.6-10.5 ounces||4.5-7.9 ounces / 4-5 ounces|
|Habitat||Quail cages, tractors, or aviary||Aviary|
|Ideal for||Meat and eggs||Dog training, hunting, sport|
|Permit required? - always check with your local Fish and Game||Not typically required||Typically required|