The National Poultry Improvement Plan, or NPIP, is a voluntary State-Federal cooperative testing and certification program for poultry breeding flocks, baby chicks, poults, hatching eggs, hatcheries, and dealers with respect to freedom of certain diseases. It was developed in the early 1930’s to help deal with the issue of Pullorum Disease and Fowl Typhoid in poultry in the United States. At that time, up to 80% of all baby poultry were dying from infection by Salmonella pullorum, the bacteria that causes Pullorum Disease. Thankfully, Pullorum Disease and Fowl Typhoid in the United States has been eradicated because of the diligent work in those early years and the development of the NPIP.
The diseases covered by the NPIP are avian influenza (fowl plague) and those produced by S. pullorum (pullorum disease), S. gallinarum (fowl typhoid), S. enterica var. enteritidis, Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG, chronic respiratory disease, and infectious sinusitis in turkeys), M. synoviae (MS, infectious synovitis), and M. meleagridis (MM, day-old airsacculitis). In addition, the NPIP has programs such as “U.S. Salmonella Monitored” and “U.S. Sanitation Monitored” that are intended to reduce the incidence of salmonella organisms in hatching eggs, chicks, and poults through effective and practical sanitation procedures at the breeder farm and in the hatchery.
It is important to note that participation in the NPIP program is completely voluntary, but many states require that poultry shipped into their state is coming from a Pullorum-Typhoid clean state. Participation and designation in the additional classifications help to further instill confidence that your poultry are healthy.
Meyer Hatchery is proud to be NPIP Certified!
We are certified Pullorum-Typhoid clean, H5/H7 Avian Influenza clean, and Salmonella monitored by the NPIP state of Ohio NPIP department.